Chou Wen-chung

Cursive (1963)

Calligraphy by Chou.Cursive “refers to the type of script in which the joined strokes and rounded angles result in expressive and contrasting curves and loops,” Chou explains. This script epitomizes the Chinese calligraphic art, as its expressiveness hinges on the spontaneous movement of the brush under the calligrapher’s control to project density, texture and poise.

Musically the cursive concept influences “the use of specified but indefinite pitches and rhythm, regulated but variable tempo and dynamics, as well as various timbres possible on the two instruments.” The piano serves as reflection of the flute by “extending” its range into the lower register and by matching the flute’s varied timbral resources, such as microtonal trills and flutter tonguing, using plucked piano strings and foreign materials between these strings.

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